Abundances in Galactic bulge planetary nebulae from optical, ultraviolet and infrared observations
Iron suffers from high levels of depletion in the highly ionized environments of planetary nebulae, making the direct determination of undepleted elemental iron abundances difficult. Zinc, which does not suffer from the same depletion effects as iron, may be used as a surrogate element to measure iron abundances as there is an approximately constant zinc-to-iron ratio across a wide range of metallicities. In this paper, we report zinc abundances of six Galactic bulge planetary nebulae determined from new observations taken with Infrared Spectrometer And Array Camera (ISAAC) on the Very Large Telescope, Chile, prior to the instrument's decommissioning as well as a further three based upon literature observations. Ultraviolet and Visual Echelle Spectrograph (UVES) data of the sample planetary nebulae are presented and have been used to derive abundances, temperatures and densities of a variety of elements and ions. The abundances derived from the UVES data agree well with results from the literature. [Zn/H], determined from the ISAAC observations, is found to be generally subsolar and [O/Zn] is found to be either consistent or enriched with respect to solar.